A text file that tells web crawlers which pages or files they can or cannot request from your site.


Robots.txt is a file at the root of your website that indicates to search engine crawlers which parts of your site they should not access. While it doesn’t block crawlers from accessing your site, it serves as a guideline for ethical crawlers to follow, telling them which pathways are off-limits. This is mainly used to avoid overloading your site with requests or indexing content that you don’t wish to appear in search engine results.

Usage and Context

The robots.txt file is used by website owners to manage crawler traffic to their sites and ensure efficient site indexing. By specifying which areas of a site shouldn't be processed or scanned by search engine bots, site administrators can control the load on their servers and keep certain parts of the site private (though not securely hidden). It's especially useful for excluding duplicate content, private areas, or files that offer no value to search engine indexes from being crawled and indexed. Proper use of this file can improve a website's SEO by guiding search engine robots to the most valuable content.

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  1. How do I create a robots.txt file?

    • Simply create a text file named “robots.txt” and place it in the root directory of your site.
  2. Can all search engine bots read the robots.txt file?

    • Most ethical search engine bots follow the directives in a robots.txt file, but it’s important to note that it’s not enforceable. Malicious bots may choose to ignore it.
  3. Does a robots.txt file guarantee privacy?

    • No, robots.txt is not a method for keeping files private; it only provides instructions to compliant bots. For privacy, use proper authentication methods.
  4. How does robots.txt affect my site’s SEO?

    • Properly configured, it helps search engine bots efficiently crawl your site and index relevant content, potentially improving your SEO.
  5. Can I block specific bots with robots.txt?

    • Yes, you can specify different rules for different user agents (bots) in the robots.txt file.


Including a well-configured robots.txt file can significantly benefit your site by managing crawler traffic, preventing overloading of your site’s resources, and guiding search engines to index your site's most important content. It's an essential part of a comprehensive SEO strategy, helping improve site visibility and search engine ranking by avoiding the indexing of irrelevant or duplicate content.


Robots.txt is an essential tool for website administrators and SEO professionals. It helps to control how search engine crawlers interact with a site, ensuring that only the valuable and relevant portions of the site are indexed. This contributes to the overall effectiveness of SEO efforts, helping to boost a site’s visibility in search engine results pages while conserving server resources and keeping certain parts of the website private from search engines.

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